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Intra Uterine Growth Retardation

Information about Intra Uterine Growth Retardation

We Have to know about Intra Uterine Growth Retardation

  • Intrauterine Growth Retardation Is A Pathological Restriction Of Foetal Growth Throughout Pregnancy Both In Size Of The Foetus And In The Function Of Various Organ Systems.

Causes of Intra Uterine Growth Retardation

  • Iugr Has Many Possible Causes. A Common Cause Is A Problem With The Placenta. The Placenta Is The Tissue That Joins The Mother And Fetus, Carrying Oxygen And Nutrients To The Baby And Permitting The Release Of Waste Products From The Baby.
  •    Maternal Age – <19  Years> 35 Years
  • Maternal Weight – Less Than 45 Kg
  • Poor Maternal Weight Gain < 3 Kg Throughout Pregnancy, 0.2 Kg During Second Half Of Pregnancy
  • Bleeding After 28 Weeks – Accidental Hemorrhage
  • Previous History Of Intrauterine Growth Retardation
  • Chronic Hypertension, Pet
  • Diabetes
  • Cardiac Disease
  • Chronic Renal Disease
  • Maternal Examination
  • Height Less Than 145 Cm
  • Blood Pressure > 140/90 Mm Of Hg
  • Evidence Of Skeletal Dysplasia
  • Signs Of Chronic Diseases Like Asthma, Heart Disease

Medical Advice of Intra Uterine Growth Retardation

  • Routine Antenatal Check Up Is Required
  • If The Patient Has Above Mentioned Diseases, She Should Be Referred To An Obstetrician.
  • If Rest In Bed Is Not Making Much Of Difference.

Risk Factors of Intra Uterine Growth Retardation

  • Malnutrition
  • Smoking And Alcohol Of Mother
  • Chromosomal Abnormality

Treatment for Intra-Uterine Growth Retardation

  • To Prevent Further Damage, Delivery Of The Foetus Is Required If No Improvement Occurs.

Investigation of Intra Uterine Growth Retardation

  • Uterine Fundal Height Measurement Will Detect Intrauterine Growth Retardation
  • If Uterine Fundal Height Measurement Is More Than 2-3 Cm From Expected Date – Inappropriate Growth May Be Expected.
  • Ultrasound At 16 To 20 Weeks To Establish Gestational Age And Rule Out Foetal Abnormalities
  • Head Circumference
  • Doppler Study
  • Femur Height
  • Complete Blood Picture
  • Complete Urine Examination
  • Blood Grouping And Rh Typing
  • Amniotic Fluid Index
Risk Factors of Intra Uterine Growth Retardation
           Intra-Uterine Growth Retardation