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Jaundice

Information about Jaundice

We Have to know about Jaundice

  • It Is A Condition In Which A Person’s Skin And The Whites Of The Eyes Turn Yellow Due To Increased Level Of Bile Pigments In The Blood Resulting From Liver Disease. Jaundice Is Usually Associated With High Fevers

Causes of Jaundice

In Children:

During First Week Most Often It Is Physiological But Can Be Pathological Like:

  • Viral Infections
  • Congenital Disorders Like Biliary Atresia
  • Severe Forms Of Malaria Especially Plasmodium Falciparum

In Adults:

  • Viral Infection (Hepatitis)
  • Bile Stones
  • Severe Forms Of Malaria Especially Plasmodium Falciparum
  • Cirrhosis
  • Incompatible Blood Transfusions
  • Cancers Of Liver And Gallbladder
  • Kidney Failure
  • Diseases Of Small Blood Vessels
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Spherocytosis
  • Rat Fever (Leptospirosis)
  • Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency
  • Some Medicines Like Anti-Biotics; Anti Tuberculosis Drugs; Drugs That Regulate The Heart Beat; Levodopa (Drug Used In The Treatment Of Parkinson’s Disease); Some Anti Malarial Drugs Like Quinine; And Vitamins C And K

Signs and Symptoms of Jaundice

Symptoms Of Hepatic Jaundice Are:

  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Loss Of Appetite
  • Weakness
  • Yellow Discoloration Of The Eyes, Tongue, Skin, And Urine.
  • Abdominal Pain

In Case Of Obstructive Jaundice :

  • In Addition To Above Symptoms
  • Clay (Pale) Colored Stools

In Case Of Hemolytic Jaundice :

  • In Addition To Above Symptoms
  • Pale In Appearance
  • Weakness (Due To Anemia)
  • Certain Chemicals In Bile May Cause Itching When Too Much Of Them End Up In The Skin.
  • Dark Colour Urine
  • In Newborns, Insoluble Bilirubin May Get Into The Brain And Do Permanent Damage.
  • Long-Standing Jaundice May Upset The Balance Of Chemicals In The Bile And Cause Stone Formation.
  • Other Symptoms Are Determined By The Disease Producing The Jaundice.

Medical Advice for Jaundice

  • Always Contact Doctor At The Earliest If You Find Any Symptoms Of Jaundice

Treatment for Jaundice

  • Absolute Bed Rest
  • Depends On The Cause, Generally Responds To Oral Medicines

Investigations for Jaundice

  • Urine And Blood Tests
  • Ultrasound
  • Ct Or Mri Scans Of The Abdomen
  • Liver Biopsy

Self Care for Jaundice

  • Drinking Fresh Vegetable Or Fruit Juices During The First One-Two Weeks After Diagnosis And Eating A Diet Consisting Mostly Of Raw Fruits And Vegetables, Seeds, And Nuts During The Next Month
  • Drinking A Cup Of Lemonade (Without Sugar) Early In The Morning To Improve Liver And Bile Function
  • Incorporating Olive Oil Or Lemon Oil Into The Diet As A Liver Flushing Regimen
  • Avoiding Foods That Are Processed And High In Fat. These Foods Are Bad For The Liver
  • Eliminating Alcohol From The Diet
  • Taking Nutritional Supplements, Such As Multivitamins Or Minerals, Vitamin C, Vitamin B Complex, Other Antioxidant-Containing Supplements, Supplements Containing Alpha Lipoic Acid, Protein Supplements, Essential Fatty Acids (Efas), And Digestive Enzymes With Bile (For Patients Having Pale Stools)

Prevention for Jaundice

Pregnancy:

  • Jaundice In Pregnancy Needs Immediate Attention Of The Qualified Doctor
  • Viral Hepatitis – A Is Preventable, By Consuming Boiled Water And Uncontaminated Safe Food
  • Juice And Food Items From Street  Vendors Should Be Avoided
  • During Adolescent Age Or Before Marriage, Getting Vaccination Against Hepatitis – B (If Not Vaccinated Earlier)

Children:

  • Govt. Of Ap Has Included Hepatitis – B Vaccine Under National Immunization Program Where It Is Given In 3 Doses Along With Dpt 1, 2, And 3
  • If Not Vaccinated During Childhood School Going Children Can Be Vaccinated
  • During Epidemic And Early Days Of

Rainy Season :

  • Hygienic Food – Food That Is Not Getting In Contact With Hands And House Flies
  • Boiled Water Consumption
  • Maintain Personal Hygiene (Washing Hands With Soap Thoroughly, After Using Toilets And Before Eating)
  • For The Prevention Of Hepatitis B, Insist On The Usage Of Disposable Syringes
Medical Advice for Jaundice
                Prevention for Jaundice