Information about Kidney Stones
We Have to know about Kidney Stones
- Kidney Stones Usually Form When Your Urine Becomes Too Concentrated. This Causes Minerals And Other Substances In Urine To Form Crystals On The Inner Surfaces Of Your Kidneys. Over Time, These Crystals May Combine To Form A Small, Hard Mass, Or Stone.
- Could Be Dangerous, If The Answer Is Yes For Any One Of The Following Questions
Main In The Middle Back?
Causes of Kidney Stones
- Working In Hot Environments Without Adequate Intake Of Fluids
- Frequent Urinary Tract Infections
Do’s And Don’ts of Causes of Kidney Stones
- Drink More Amount Of Water
Signs & Symptoms of Causes of Kidney Stones
- Bloody, Cloudy Or Foul-Smelling Urine
- Nausea And Vomiting
- Persistent Urge To Urinate
- Fever And Chills If An Infection Is Present
Medical Advice for Causes of Kidney Stones
- Make An Appointment With Your Doctor If You Have Any Signs And Symptoms That Worry You.
- Seek Immediate Medical Attention If You Experience:
- Pain So Severe That You Can’t Sit Still Or Find A Comfortable Position
- Pain Accompanied By Nausea And Vomiting
- Pain Accompanied By Fever And Chills
- Blood In Your Urine
- Difficulty Passing Urine
Risk Factors of Causes of Kidney Stones
- Family Or Personal History. If Someone In Your Family Has Kidney Stones, You’re More Likely To Develop Stones, Too. And If You’ve Already Had One Or More Kidney Stones, You’re At Increased Risk Of Developing Another.
- Dehydration. Not Drinking Enough Water Each Day Can Increase Your Risk Of Kidney Stones. People Who Live In Warm Climates And Those Who Sweat A Lot May Be At Higher Risk Than Others.
- Certain Diets. Eating A Diet That’s High In Protein, Sodium (Salt) And Sugar May Increase Your Risk Of Some Types Of Kidney Stones. This Is Especially True With A High-Sodium Diet. Too Much Salt In Your Diet Increases The Amount Of Calcium Your Kidneys Must Filter And Significantly Increases Your Risk Of Kidney Stones.
- Being Obese. High Body Mass Index (Bmi), Large Waist Size And Weight Gain Have Been Linked To An Increased Risk Of Kidney Stones.
- Digestive Diseases And Surgery. Gastric Bypass Surgery, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Or Chronic Diarrhea Can Cause Changes In The Digestive Process That Affect Your Absorption Of Calcium And Water, Increasing The Levels Of Stone-Forming Substances In Your Urine.
- Other Medical Conditions. Diseases And Conditions That May Increase Your Risk Of Kidney Stones Include Renal Tubular Acidosis, Cystinuria, Hyperparathyroidism, Certain Medications, And Some Urinary Tract Infections.
Treatment for Kidney Stones
- Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (Eswl/ Ureteroscopic Stone Removal./ Parathyroid Surgery diagnoses
- If Your Doctor Suspects You Have A Kidney Stone, You May Have Diagnostic Tests And Procedures, Such As:
- Blood Testing. Blood Tests May Reveal Too Much Calcium Or Uric Acid In Your Blood. Blood Test Results Help Monitor The Health Of Your Kidneys And May Lead Your Doctor To Check For Other Medical Conditions.
- Urine Testing. The 24-Hour Urine Collection Test May Show That You’re Excreting Too Many Stone-Forming Minerals Or Too Few Stone-Preventing Substances. For This Test, Your Doctor May Request That You Perform Two Urine Collections Over Two Consecutive Days.
- Imaging. Imaging Tests May Show Kidney Stones In Your Urinary Tract. Options Range From Simple Abdominal X-Rays, Which Can Miss Small Kidney Stones, To High-Speed Or Dual Energy Computerized Tomography (Ct) That May Reveal Even Tiny Stones.
- Other Imaging Options Include An Ultrasound, A Noninvasive Test, And Intravenous Urography, Which Involves Injecting Dye Into An Arm Vein And Taking X-Rays (Intravenous Pyelogram) Or Obtaining Ct Images (Ct Urogram) As The Dye Travels Through Your Kidneys And Bladder.
- Analysis Of Passed Stones. You May Be Asked To Urinate Through A Strainer To Catch Stones That You Pass. Lab Analysis Will Reveal The Makeup Of Your Kidney Stones. Your Doctor Uses This Information To Determine What’s Causing Your Kidney Stones And To Form A Plan To Prevent More Kidney Stones.
Treatment for Treatment for Kidney Stones
- Treatment For Kidney Stones Varies, Depending On The Type Of Stone And The Cause.
- Small Stones With Minimal Symptoms
- Most Small Kidney Stones Won’t Require Invasive Treatment. You May Be Able To Pass A Small Stone By:
- Drinking Water. Drinking As Much As 2 To 3 Quarts (1.9 To 2.8 Liters) A Day May Help Flush Out Your Urinary System. Unless Your Doctor Tells You Otherwise, Drink Enough Fluid — Mostly Water — To Produce Clear Or Nearly Clear Urine.
- Pain Relievers. Passing A Small Stone Can Cause Some Discomfort. To Relieve Mild Pain, Your Doctor May Recommend Pain Relievers Such As Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin Ib, Others), Acetaminophen (Tylenol, Others) Or Naproxen Sodium (Aleve).
- Medical Therapy. Your Doctor May Give You A Medication To Help Pass Your Kidney Stone. This Type Of Medication, Known As An Alpha Blocker, Relaxes The Muscles In Your Ureter, Helping You Pass The Kidney Stone
- Kidney Stones That Can’t Be Treated With Conservative Measures — Either Because They’re Too Large To Pass On Their Own Or Because They Cause Bleeding, Kidney Damage Or Ongoing Urinary Tract Infections — May Require More-Extensive Treatment. Procedures May Include:
- Using Sound Waves To Break Up Stones. For Certain Kidney Stones — Depending On Size And Location — Your Doctor May Recommend A Procedure Called Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (Eswl).
- Eswl Uses Sound Waves To Create Strong Vibrations (Shock Waves) That Break The Stones Into Tiny Pieces That Can Be Passed In Your Urine. The Procedure Lasts About 45 To 60 Minutes And Can Cause Moderate Pain, So You May Be Under Sedation Or Light Anesthesia To Make You Comfortable.
- Eswl Can Cause Blood In The Urine, Bruising On The Back Or Abdomen, Bleeding Around The Kidney And Other Adjacent Organs, And Discomfort As The Stone Fragments Pass Through The Urinary Tract.
- Surgery To Remove Very Large Stones In The Kidney. A Procedure Called Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (Nef-Row-Lih-Thot-Uh-Me) Involves Surgically Removing A Kidney Stone Using Small Telescopes And Instruments Inserted Through A Small Incision In Your Back.
- You, Will, Receive General Anesthesia During The Surgery And Be In The Hospital For One To Two Days While You Recover. Your Doctor May Recommend This Surgery If Eswl Was Unsuccessful.
- Using A Scope To Remove Stones. To Remove A Smaller Stone In Your Ureter Or Kidney, Your Doctor May Pass A Thin Lighted Tube (Ureteroscope) Equipped With A Camera Through Your Urethra And Bladder To Your Ureter.
- Once The Stone Is Located, Special Tools Can Snare The Stone Or Break It Into Pieces That Will Pass In Your Urine. Your Doctor May Then Place A Small Tube (Stent) In The Ureter To Relieve Swelling And Promote Healing. You May Need General Or Local Anesthesia During This Procedure.
- Parathyroid Gland Surgery. Some Calcium Phosphate Stones Are Caused By Overactive Parathyroid Glands, Which Are Located On The Four Corners Of Your Thyroid Gland, Just Below Your Adam’s Apple. When These Glands Produce Too Much Parathyroid Hormone (Hyperparathyroidism), Your Calcium Levels Can Become Too High And Kidney Stones May Form As A Result.
- Hyperparathyroidism Sometimes Occurs When A Small, Benign Tumor Forms In One Of Your Parathyroid Glands Or You Develop Another Condition That Leads These Glands To Produce More Parathyroid Hormone. Removing The Growth From The Gland Stops The Formation Of Kidney Stones. Or Your Doctor May Recommend Treatment Of The Condition That’s Causing Your Parathyroid Gland To Overproduce The Hormone.
Self-Care of Kidney Stones
- More Intake Of Water Per Day
Investigations of Kidney Stones
- Blood Test
- Urine Test
- Abdominal X-Ray