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Labyrinthitis

Information about Labyrinthitis  

We Have to Know about the Labyrinthitis  

  • Labyrinthitis is an ear disorder that involves inflammation and swelling of the inner ear

Causes of Labyrinthitis

  • Many times, you cannot determine the cause of labyrinthitis. Often, the condition follows a viral illness such as a cold or the flu. Viruses, or your body’s immune response to them, may cause inflammation that results in labyrinthitis. Other potential causes are these:
  • Trauma or injury to your head or ear (similar to concussion)
  • Bacterial infections: If found in nearby structures such as your middle ear, such infections may cause the following:
  • Fluid to collect in the labyrinth (serous labyrinthitis)
  • Fluid to directly invade the labyrinth, causing pus-producing (suppurative) labyrinthitis
  • Allergies
  • Alcohol abuse
  • A benign tumor of the middle ear
  • Certain medications taken in high doses
  • Furosemide (Lasix)
  • Aspirin
  • Some IV antibiotics
  • Phenytoin (Dilantin) at toxic levels

Do’s of labyrinthitis                

  • Prompt treatment of respiratory infections and ear infections may help prevent labyrinthitis

Signs & Symptoms of labyrinthitis      

  • The most common symptoms
  • Vertigo
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of balance
  • Other possible symptoms
  • A mild headache
  • Tinnitus (a ringing or rushing noise)
  • Hearing loss
  • These symptoms often are provoked or made worse by moving your head, sitting up, rolling over, or looking upward.
  • Symptoms may last for days or even weeks depending on the cause and severity
  • Symptoms may come back, so be careful about driving, working at heights, or operating heavy machinery for at least 1 week from the time the symptoms end

Medical advice for labyrinthitis

  • Contact a doctor if dizziness, vertigo, loss of balance, or other symptoms of labyrinthitis are present. Also, call if hearing loss occurs
  • Urgent or emergency symptoms include convulsions, fainting, persistent vomiting, or vertigo accompanied by a fever of more than 101 degrees Fahrenheit

Risk factors of labyrinthitis

  • Recent viral illness, respiratory infection, or ear infection
  • Use of certain prescription or nonprescription drugs (especially aspirin)
  • Stress
  • Fatigue
  • History of allergies
  • Smoking
  • Drinking large amounts of alcohol

Treatment for labyrinthitis

  • Medications

Self-care for labyrinthitis

  • Avoid exposure to dust

Investigations for labyrinthitis 

  • MRI
  • ECG
  • Head CT Scan
  • Hearing testing (audiology/audiometry).
Risk factors of labyrinthitis
              Symptoms of labyrinthitis