Information About Lung Cancer
We Have to Know about Lung Cancer
- Lung cancer is cancer that begins in the lungs, the two organs found in the chest that help you breathe.
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions
- pain in chest?
Causes of Lung Cancer
- Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer.
- High levels of air pollution
- High levels of arsenic in drinking water
- Radon gas
- The family history of lung cancer
- Radiation therapy to the lungs
- Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals such as uranium, beryllium, vinyl chloride, nickel chromates, coal products, mustard gas, chloromethyl ethers, gasoline, and diesel exhaust.
Do’s of Lung Cancer
- Don’t smoke
Signs & Symptoms of Lung Cancer
- A cough that doesn’t go away
- Coughing up blood
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Loss of appetite
- Losing weight without trying
- Swallowing difficulty
- Nail problems
- Joint pain
- Hoarseness or changing voice
- Swelling of the face
- Facial paralysis
- Eyelid drooping
- Bone pain or tenderness
Medical advice for Lung Cancer
- If you develop symptoms of lung cancer (particularly if you smoke).
Risk factors of Lung Cancer
Risk factors for lung cancer include:
- Smoking: Your risk of lung cancer increases with the number of cigarettes you smoke each day and the number of years you have smoked. Quitting at any age can significantly lower your risk of developing lung cancer.
- Exposure to secondhand smoke: Even if you don’t smoke, your risk of lung cancer increases if you’re exposed to secondhand smoke.
- Exposure to radon gas: Radon is produced by the natural breakdown of uranium in soil, rock, and water that eventually becomes part of the air you breathe. Unsafe levels of radon can accumulate in any building, including homes.
- Exposure to asbestos and other carcinogens: Workplace exposure to asbestos and other substances known to cause cancer — such as arsenic, chromium, and nickel — also can increase your risk of developing lung cancer, especially if you’re a smoker.
- The family history of lung cancer: People with a parent, sibling or child with lung cancer have an increased risk of the disease.
Treatment for Lung Cancer
- Depends on the specific type of lung cancer. Each type is treated differently. Chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery may be needed.
Self-care for Lung Cancer
- Avoid exposure to smoke
- avoid exposure to heavy metals.
Investigations for Lung Cancer
- Chest x-ray
- Sputum cytology test
- Blood work
- CT scan of the chest
- MRI of the chest
- Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
- Bronchoscopy combined with biopsy
- Pleural biopsy
- CT scan directed needle biopsy
- Mediastinoscopy with biopsy
- Open lung biopsy