Information About Lung Cancer
We Have to Know about Lung Cancer
- Lung cancer is cancer that begins within the lungs, the 2 organs found within the chest that assist you to breathe.
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions
- pain in chest?
Causes of Lung Cancer
- Cigarette smoking is the leading reason behind carcinoma.
- High levels of air pollution
- High levels of arsenic in drinking water
- Radon gas
- The family history of lung cancer
- Radiation therapy to the lungs
- Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals like metallic element, beryllium, vinyl chloride, nickel chromates, coal product, sulfur mustard, chloromethyl ethers, gasoline, and diesel exhaust.
Do’s of Lung Cancer
- Don’t smoke
Signs & Symptoms of Lung Cancer
- A cough that doesn’t go away
- Coughing up blood
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Loss of appetite
- Losing weight without trying
- Swallowing difficulty
- Nail problems
- Joint pain
- Hoarseness or changing voice
- Swelling of the face
- Facial paralysis
- Eyelid drooping
- Bone pain or tenderness
Medical advice for Lung Cancer
- If you develop symptoms of carcinoma (particularly if you smoke).
Risk factors of Lung Cancer
Risk factors for lung cancer include:
- Smoking: Your risk of carcinoma will increase with range|the amount|the quantity} of cigarettes you smoke day after day and also the number of years you’ve got smoke-dried. Quitting at any age will considerably lower your risk of developing carcinoma.
- Exposure to secondhand smoke: albeit you don’t smoke, your risk of carcinoma will increase if you’re exposed to secondhand smoke.
- Exposure to atomic number 86 gas: atomic number 86 is made by the natural breakdown of U in soil, rock, and water that eventually becomes a part of the air you breathe. Unsafe levels of atomic number 86 will accumulate in any building, together with homes.
- Exposure to amphibole and alternative carcinogens: work exposure to amphibole and alternative substances better-known to cause cancer — like arsenic, chromium, and nickel — can also increase your riskof developing carcinoma, particularly if you’re a smoker.
- The family history of lung cancer: People with a parent, sibling or child with lung cancer have an increased risk of the disease.
Treatment for Lung Cancer
- It depends on the specific type of lung cancer. Each type is treated differently. Chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery may be needed.
Self-care for Lung Cancer
- Avoid exposure to smoke
- avoid exposure to heavy metals.
Investigations for Lung Cancer
- Chest x-ray
- Sputum cytology test
- Blood work
- CT scan of the chest
- MRI of the chest
- Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
- Bronchoscopy combined with biopsy
- Pleural biopsy
- CT scan directed needle biopsy
- Mediastinoscopy with biopsy
- Open lung biopsy