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Melanoma of Eye

Information About Melanoma of Eye

We Have to Know about the Melanoma of Eye

  • Melanoma of the eye is cancer that occurs in various parts of the eye.
  • The cancer may only be in the eye, or it may spread to another location in the body.
  • Melanoma can also begin on the skin or other organs in the body and spread to the eye.

Causes of Melanoma of eye

Eye melanoma may not cause signs and symptoms. When they do occur, signs and symptoms of eye melanoma can include:

  • A sensation of flashes or specks of dust in your vision (floaters)
  • A growing dark spot on the iris
  • A change in the shape of the dark circle (pupil) at the center of your eye
  • Poor or blurry vision in one eye
  • Loss of peripheral vision

Do’s and Don’ts of Melanoma of eye

  •  Avoid excessive exposure to sunlight especially between 10 am – 2pm,
  • Protect your eyes with sunglasses

Signs & Symptoms of Melanoma of eye

  • In some cases – no symptoms are present.
  • A growing dark spot on the iris
  • A sensation of flashing lights
  • Poor or blurry vision in one eye
  • Loss of side (peripheral) vision in the affected eye
  • Floaters — spots or squiggles drifting in field of vision
  • A displacement of the eye within the eye socket

Risk Factors of Melanoma of eye

Risk factors for primary melanoma of the eye include:

  • Light eye color. People with blue eyes or green eyes have a greater risk of melanoma of the eye.
  • Being white. White people have a greater risk of eye melanoma than do people of other races.
  • Age. The risk of eye melanoma increases with age.
  • Certain inherited skin disorders. A condition called dysplastic nevus syndrome, which causes abnormal moles, may increase your risk of developing melanoma on your skin and in your eye.
  • In addition, people with abnormal skin pigmentation involving the eyelids and adjacent tissues and increased pigmentation on their uvea — known as ocular melanocytosis — also have an increased risk of developing eye melanoma.
  • Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. The role of ultraviolet exposure in eye melanoma is unclear. There’s some evidence that exposure to UV light, such as light from the sun or from tanning beds, may increase the risk of eye melanoma.
  • Certain genetic mutations. Certain genes passed from parents to children may increase the risk of eye melanoma.

Medical advice for Melanoma of eye

  • See a doctor if you observe a dark spot on your iris that is enlarging.

Self Care for Melanoma of eye

  • Avoid exposure to radiation

Treatment for Melanoma of eye

  • Surgery

Investigations for Melanoma of eye

  •  Eye Ultrasound.
Melanoma of eye
Melanoma of eye