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Melanoma

Information about Melanoma

We Have to Know about the Melanoma

  • Melanoma is the most serious and deadly type of skin cancer. Melanoma develops in the cells that produce melanin — the pigment that gives your skin its color. Melanoma can also form in the eyes and, rarely, in internal organs, such as the intestines
  • Leading cause of death regarding skin diseases

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Change in color and consistency of the skin?

Causes of Melanoma

  • The exact cause of all melanomas isn’t clear, but exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight or tanning lamps and beds greatly increases the risk of developing melanoma

Do’s and Don’ts of Melanoma

  • Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m
  • Apply sunscreen lotion when you are going to be exposed to the sun
  • Check your skin regularly and report changes to your doctor.

Signs & Symptoms of Melanoma

  • Suspicious changes in a mole may include:
  • Scaliness
  • Itching
  • Change in texture — for instance, becoming hard or lumpy
  • Spreading of pigment from the mole into the surrounding skin

Medical advice for Melanoma

  • See a doctor if you notice a new skin growth, a change in an existing mole or a sore that doesn’t heal in two weeks.

Risk factors of Melanoma

  • Fair skin
  • A history of sunburn
  • Excessive sun exposure
  • Sunny or high-altitude climates
  • Moles.
  • A family history of melanoma
  • Exposure to carcinogens

Treatment for Melanoma

  • Surgical removal
  • Chemotherapy.

Self-care for Melanoma

  • Avoid exposure to U.v rays

Investigations for Melanoma

  • Skin Examination
  • Biopsy
  • Dermoscopy
Treatment for Melanoma
Symptoms of Melanoma