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Muscular Dystrophy

Information About Muscular Dystrophy

We Have to Know about the Muscular Dystrophy

  • Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of inherited muscle diseases in which muscle fibers are unusually at risk of damage.
  • Muscles, mainly voluntary muscles, become progressively weaker.
  • Some types of muscular dystrophy affect heart muscles, other involuntary muscles and other organs.
  • There’s no cure for muscular dystrophy, but medications and therapy can slow the course of the disease.

Causes of Muscular Dystrophy

  • The most common types of muscular dystrophy appear to be due to a genetic deficiency of the muscle protein dystrophy.

Signs & Symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy

Signs and symptoms typically appear in early childhood and may include:

  • Frequent falls
  • Difficulty rising from a lying or sitting up position
  • Trouble running and jumping
  • Waddling gait
  • Walking on the toes
  • Large calf muscles
  • Muscle pain and stiffness
  • Learning disabilities

Do of Muscular Dystrophy

  • consult the doctor

Medical advice for Muscular Dystrophy

  • Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy occurs almost exclusively in boys, although it can occur in girls. Your young child may have difficulty walking, running, rising from the floor or climbing the stairs, or may appear clumsy and fall often. These may be early indications of muscular dystrophy (MD). A child with MD may learn to walk later than other children do and may exhibit signs of muscle weakness between the ages of 2 and 6. By school age, a child with MD may walk unsteadily and on the toes or balls of the feet. Duchenne’s MD usually results in children losing the ability to walk by age 12.

See your doctor if you’re concerned about your child’s:

  • Motor abilities
  • Clumsiness
  • Muscle strength
  • Muscle development

Risk factors of Muscular dystrophy

  • Muscular dystrophy occurs in both sexes and in all ages and races. However, the most common variety, Duchenne, usually occurs in young boys. People with a family history of muscular dystrophy are at higher risk of developing the disease or passing it on to their children.

Treatment for Muscular Dystrophy

Currently, there is no cure for muscular dystrophy. Medications and various therapies help slow the progression of the disease and keep the patient mobile for the longest possible time.

Drugs

The two most commonly prescribed drugs for muscular dystrophy are:

  • Corticosteroids: This type of medication can help increase muscle strength and slow progression, but long-term use can weaken bones and increase weight gain.
  • Heart medications: If the condition impacts the heart, beta blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors may help.

Physical therapy

  • General exercises: A range of motion and stretching exercises can help combat the inevitable inward movement of the limbs as muscles and tendons shorten. Limbs tend to become fixed in position, and these types of activities can help keep them mobile for longer. Standard low-impact aerobic exercises such as walking and swimming can also help slow the disease’s progression.
  • Breathing assistance: As the muscles used for breathing become weaker, it may be necessary to use devices to help improve oxygen delivery through the night. In the most severe cases, a patient may need to use a ventilator to breathe on their behalf.
  • Mobility aids: Canes, wheelchairs, and walkers can help the person stay mobile.
  • Braces: These keep muscles and tendons stretched and help slow their shortening. They also give added support to the user when moving.

Self-care for Muscular Dystrophy

  • Exercise

Investigations for Muscular Dystrophy

  • Blood tests
  • Electromyography
  • Ultrasonography
  • Muscle biopsy
  • Genetic testing
Treatment for Muscular dystrophy
 Symptoms of Muscular dystrophy