Information about Nose Bleeds
We Have to Know about the Nose Bleeds
- Loss of blood from the tissue lining the nose
- Bleeding most commonly occurs in one nostril only
- Nosebleeds are common, especially in winter.
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions ?
- Is the bleeding continuing for more than 20 minutes?
- Is there a head injury preceding the nose bleed?
To stop a nosebleed:
- Sit and lean forwards to prevent blood from running down your throat.
- Firmly pinch the soft part of your nose, just below the bridge, for five minutes while breathing through the mouth.
- If bleeding does not stop, hold the position for a further 10 minutes.
- Apply cold compresses or ice across the bridge of the nose
- Try not to blow or pick your nose for 24 hours afterwards.
- If you feel the need to sneeze, do so with your mouth open.
- Sleep with your head elevated and avoid exercise for a day after the nosebleed.
Causes of Nose Bleeds
- Minor irritations or colds
- Nasal allergies
- Nose picking
- Injury to the nose
- Object stuck in the nose
- Rarely due to
- Bleeding disorders or hypertension
- Forceful nose-blowing
- Dry climate
- High altitude
Do’s and Don’ts – Nose Bleeds
- Avoid sniffing or blowing the nose
- Do not pack the inside of the nose with gauze
Signs & Symptoms Nose Bleeds
When to seek medical advice for Nose Bleeds
- If the bleeding is not controlled within one hour
- if bleeding is the result of a head injury, if you feel faint or weak, if nosebleeds happen frequently (especially in children), if you are taking blood-thinning medication or if you bruise easily.
Risk factors of Nose Bleeds
Treatment for Nose Bleeds
- Generally self-limiting and stops on its own
- Application of ice packs over the nose for 15 minutes
- Medicines of it is due to conditions like high blood pressure
Self-care for Nose Bleeds
- To prevent nosebleeds, humidify the room.
- Rub Vaseline inside your nostrils a few times a day.
- Saline nose drops are also useful.
Investigations for Nose Bleeds
- Lab tests
- Nasal endoscopy
- x-ray of the skull