Information about Oral Cancer
We Have to Know about the Oral Cancer
- Oral cancer is cancer anywhere in the mouth. Oral cancer can include any cancer on the lip, tongue, inside surface of the cheeks, hard palate (the front part of the roof of the mouth) or the gums.
- The likelihood and speed of recovery varies considerably depending on many factors, including where the cancer is found, how far it has spread, and your general health.
Causes of Oral Cancer
- Oral cancer is strongly associated with smoking or chewing tobacco. About 90% of people with oral cancers use tobacco. The risk increases with the amount and length of tobacco use.
Do’s and Don’ts – Oral Cancer
- If you smoke or use smokeless tobacco, get the help you need to stop immediately. If you currently smoke or chew tobacco or have done so in the past, be sure to watch for symptoms. You should have your doctor or dentist inspects your mouth at least once a year for areas that appear abnormal so that cancer can be found at an early stage.
- Cancer of the lip is associated with exposure to sunlight. If you are exposed to sunlight, especially as part of your job, try to avoid the sun during the midday hours, wear a wide-brimmed hat, and use sunscreen and lip balm that protect against ultraviolet light.
Signs & Symptoms of Oral Cancer
- A mouth sore that doesn’t heal (This is the most common symptom of oral cancer.)
- An area in your mouth that becomes discolored and remains that way
- A persistent lump or thickening in your cheek
- A persistent sore throat
- Voice changes
- Difficulty chewing or swallowing
- Difficulty moving your jaw or tongue
- Loose teeth
- Numbness of the tongue or other area of the mouth
- Pain around the teeth or jaw
- Pain or irritation in the mouth that doesn’t go away
- Unexplained weight loss
- Swelling in your jaw
- A lump or mass in your neck
- A persistent feeling that something is caught in your throat
Most of the symptoms of oral cancers can be caused by other, less serious disorders. But if any symptoms last for two weeks or longer, they deserve a doctor’s attention.
Risk Factors of Oral Cancer
- Smoking or use of smokeless tobacco (chewing tobacco).
- Drinking alcohol.
- If you both smoke or chew tobacco and drink alcohol, your risk is even higher.
Medical advice for Oral Cancer
- See your doctor or dentist as soon as possible if you discover a lump (an area of thickness or inconsistent texture) or a discolored area in your mouth or on your tongue.
Treatment for Oral Cancer
- The type of treatment recommended varies depending on the cancer’s origin and its stage of development.
- The most common treatments for oral cancer are surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
- If cancer is discovered at an earlier stage, the chances for successful treatment are much better
Investigations for Oral Cancer