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Information about Osteoarthritis

We Have to Know about the Osteoarthritis

  • Osteoarthritis, sometimes called degenerative joint disease or osteoarthrosis, is the most common form of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of joint cartilage and may affect any joint in your body, including those in your fingers, hips, knees, lower back and feet. Initially osteoarthritis may strike only one joint. But if your fingers are affected, multiple hand joints may become arthritic.

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions  

Causes of Osteoarthritis

  • overweight,
  • aging process
  • joint injury or stress
  • heredity
  • muscle weakness.

Do’s and Don’ts – Osteoarthritis       

Signs & Symptoms of Osteoarthritis   

  • Pain in a joint during or after use, or after a period of inactivity
  • Discomfort in a joint before or during a change in the weather
  • Swelling and stiffness in a joint, particularly after using it
  • Bony lumps on the middle or end joints of your fingers or the base of your thumb / Loss of joint flexibility

Medical advice for Osteoarthritis

  • swelling or stiffness in your joints that lasts for more than two weeks, seek medical advice

Risk factors of Osteoarthritis   

  • Being 45 years old or older
  • Being female
  • Having certain hereditary conditions, including defective cartilage and malformed joints
  • joint injuries caused by physical activity or sports
  • Being obese /Rheumatoid arthritis, hemochromatosis, gout or pseudogout /weak thigh (quadriceps) muscles

Treatment for Osteoarthritis      

  • Topical pain relievers./NSAIDs/COX-2 inhibitors./Injections of pain relievers./joint surgery

Self-care for Osteoarthritis         

  • Exercise regularly./Control your weight/Practice relaxation techniques.
Investigations for Osteoarthritis 
  • X-rays, bone scans, computerized tomography (CT) scans,magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and arthrography