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Information about Osteomyelitis

We Have to Know about the Osteomyelitis

  • An acute or chronic bone infection, usually caused by bacteria
  • Osteomyelitis occurs when an infection develops in a bone or spreads to a bone from another area of the body. It’s caused by bacteria or fungi. The infected bone may deteriorate and form a pocket (abscess) of pus in response to the infection. This may block blood supply to the bone. In cases of chronic osteomyelitis that last for years, the loss of blood supply may lead to death of the bone.
  • Your bones are normally resistant to infection. In order for osteomyelitis to occur, a situation that makes your bones vulnerable must be present. For instance, trauma to your bone, such as a fracture, or to the soft tissue around your bone, such as a puncture wound, gives infections a route to enter your bone or nearby tissue. You may also be vulnerable to infection if you have a condition that weakens your body’s ability to fight an infection, such as HIV, diabetes or sickle cell anemia.

Signs & Symptoms of Osteomyelitis

  • Pain in the bone
  • Local swelling, redness, and warmth
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise)
  • Drainage of pus through the skin (in chronic osteomyelitis)
  • Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:
  • Excessive sweating
  • Chills
  • Low back pain
  • Swelling of the ankles, feet, and legs

 Medical advice for Osteomyelitis

  •  If you have symptoms of osteomyelitis,
  • or if you have osteomyelitis and the symptoms persist despite treatment

Risk factors of Osteomyelitis

  • Recent trauma
  • Diabetes
  • Hemodialysis
  • Intravenous drug abuse

Treatment  for Osteomyelitis

  • Antibiotics
  • Prosthetics
  • Surgery

Investigations for Osteomyelitis

  • Bone scan
  • Blood cultures
  • MRI
  • Needle aspiration of the area around affected bones
  • Bone lesion biopsy