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Osteoporosis

Information about Osteoporosis

We Have to Know about the Osteoporosis   

  • Systemic skeletal disease, characterized by low bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture.

Causes of Osteoporosis

  • Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to form enough new bone, or when too much old bone is reabsorbed by the body or both.
  • Bones weaken when one has low levels of calcium, phosphorus and other minerals in their bones.
  • With the increasing age, calcium and phosphate may be reabsorbed back into the body from the bones, which makes the bone tissue weaker. This can result in brittle, fragile bones that are more prone to fractures, even without injury.

Other Causes:

  • Being confined to a bed
  • Bone cancer
  • Cushing syndrome
  • Excess corticosteroid levels due to on-going use of medicines for asthma, certain forms of arthritis or skin diseases, and COPD.
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hyperparathyroidism               

Signs & Symptoms of Osteoporosis               

  • Fracture: Spinal fractures may be painless, but often lead to severe back pain that can last for several weeks

Medical advice for Osteoporosis           

  • Bone pains
  • Joint Pains

Risk factors of Osteoporosis            

  • Decrease bone strength- Elderly females, family history of osteoporosis, excessive leanness, alcohol abuse, sedentary lifestyle, heavy smoking, premature menopause
  • Increased propensity to fall- weakness and immobility, visual impairment environmental hazards, accidents
  • Excessive phosphorous, protein and salt intake               

Treatment for Osteoporosis             

  • HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy) is used to replace those hormones which decline during the menopause

Self-care for Osteoporosis  

  • Lifestyle changes
  • An adequate Calcium and Vitamin D intake
  • Exercise
  • Investigations
  • Urine test, Bone Density test, Serum calcium levels
    Treatment for Osteoporosis
       Medical advice for Osteoporosis