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Information about Phobias

We Have to Know about Phobias

  • Persistent and irrational fear of a particular type of object, animal, activity, or situation
  • Common phobias include the fear of particular animals (for instance, dogs or snakes), insects or spiders, high places, lightening, flying, and blood. People with specific phobias often realize their fear is irrational, but are unable to prevent it.

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Fear due to some substances/things /person?

Causes of Phobias

  • It is unusual for a phobia to start after the age of 30 years, and most begin during early childhood, the teenage years, or early adulthood. They can be caused by a stressful experience, a frightening event, or a parent or household member with a phobia that a child can ‘learn.’

Do’s and Don’ts of Phobias

  • Avoid situation that causes phobias

Signs & Symptoms of Phobias

  • Exposure to the feared object provokes an anxiety reaction.
  • The anxiety and discomfort is out of proportion to the real threat of the feared object.
  • The person may experience excessive sweating, poor motor control, or rapid heart rate.
  • The person avoids situations in which contact with the feared object or animal may occur — for example, avoiding driving through tunnels, if tunnels are the subject of the specific phobia. This type of avoidance can interfere with job and social functioning.
  • The person may feel weak or cowardly and lose self-esteem when avoiding the object of the phobia.

Medical advice for Phobias

  • If the symptoms are interfering with life activities

Risk factors of Phobias

  • Fear
  • Anxiety disorder

Treatment for Phobias

  • Systematic desensitization
  • Medications

Self-care for Phobias

  • Meditation
  • Breathing exercises

Investigations for Phobias

  •  History of patient