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Poisonings

Information about Poisonings

We Have to Know about the Poisonings

  • Poisoning is caused by swallowing, injecting, breathing in, or otherwise being exposed to a harmful substance.
  • Most poisonings occur by accident

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions  

  •  All cases of suspected poisoning must be considered dangerous

Causes of Poisonings     

  • Medicines (such as an aspirin overdose)
  • Household detergents and cleaning products
  • Carbon monoxide gas (from furnaces, gas engines, fires)
  • Household plants (eating toxic plants)
  • Paints (swallowing or breathing in fumes)
  • Insecticides
  • Illicit drug overdose (accidental or intentional)
  • Chemicals in the workplace

Do’s and Don’ts of Poisonings   

  • DO NOT give an unconscious victim anything by mouth.
  • DO NOT induce vomiting
  • DO NOT try to neutralize the poison with lemon juice or vinegar, or any other substance, unless you are told to do so by a doctor.
  • DO NOT use any “cure-all” type antidote.
  • DO NOT wait for symptoms to develop if you suspect that someone has been poisoned

Signs & Symptoms of Poisonings  

Symptoms vary according to the poison, but may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bluish lips
  • Chest pain, Difficulty breathing
  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness, Drowsiness
  • Double vision
  • Fever, Headache
  • Heart palpitations
  • Irritability
  • Muscle twitching
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Seizures, Unconsciousness
  • Unusual breath odor

Medical advice for Poisonings  

  • All cases of suspected poisoning must be considered dangerous

Risk factors of Poisonings  

Treatment for Poisonings      

  • Most cases require inpatient management

Self-care for Poisonings     

  • Be aware of poisons in and around your home. Take steps to protect young children from toxic substances. Store all medicines, cleaners, cosmetics, and household chemicals out of reach of children, or in cubboards with childproof locks.
  • Be familiar with plants in your home, yard, and vicinity. Keep your children informed, too. Remove any noxious plants. Never eat wild plants, mushrooms or roots unless you know what you’re doing.
  • Teach children about the dangers of substances that contain poison. Label all poisons.
  • Don’t store household chemicals in food containers, even if they are labeled. Most non-food substances are poisonous if taken in large doses

Investigations for Poisonings 

Poisonings 
                  Poisonings