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Information about Rash

We Have to Know about the Rash

  • A rash is a temporary eruption or discoloration of the skin and is often inflamed or swollen.

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions 

Causes of Rash

  • Infections
  • Allergic reactions
  • Local irritants
  • Autoimmune Disorders

Do’s and Don’ts of Rash

  • Infections – Check that you and your children are up-to-date in your routine immunizations. Wash your hands frequently, bathe regularly and avoid sharing clothing or personal grooming items with other people.
  • Allergic reactions — avoid the specific food, medicine, skin care products or cosmetics that you had a reaction to
  • Local irritants —for sensitivity to chemicals in cleaning products, switch to laundry soaps that are free of dyes and perfumes. For irritation due to cosmetics, use hypoallergenic products that contain fewer skin-irritating preservatives and fragrances.

Signs & Symptoms of Rash

  • Macular — Flat, red spots
  • Papular — Small, raised, solid bumps
  • Macular and papular — A combination
  • Papulosquamous — A combination of papules and scaly areas
  • Vesicular — Small, raised, fluid-filled blisters

Additional signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany rashes include:

  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Signs of a severe allergic, potentially life-threatening reaction called anaphylaxis, which requires immediate emergency medical attention: difficulty breathing, hives, vomiting, abdominal cramps, rapid drop in blood pressure, confusion and unconsciousness
  • Signs of an autoimmune disorder, such as lupus (may include fatigue, poor appetite, fever, joint swelling) or dermatomyositis (often includes weak muscles, swelling and violet discoloration of the eyelids and difficulty rising after sitting)

Medical advice for Rash

Seek immediate medical attention if you begin to have difficulty breathing or develop hives, a fever, a fast pulse, confusion or nausea.

Always consult your doctor promptly if a rash:

  • Worsens
  • Lasts longer than one week
  • Shows signs of local infection (oozing, redness or swelling of the skin)
  • Occurs together with fever, chills, swollen glands or other symptoms of infection (sore throat, cough, headache, nasal congestion, etc.)
  • Occurs together with symptoms that suggest an autoimmune disorder, such as recurring fever, malaise, fatigue, unexplained weight loss or joint swelling

Risk factors of Rash      

Treatment for Rash

  • Treatment depends on the cause of the rash

Self-care for Rash      

Investigations for Rash    

  • Blood Tests
  • Skin Biopsy
  • Patch Test