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Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

Information About Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

We Have to Know about the Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

  • Ascariasis is a roundworm infection caused by parasitic roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides and lives in human intestines only
  • Adult “Ascaris roundworm” is the largest of the intestinal roundworms (16 inches (41 centimeters)). Males are little smaller than female and they mate in human intestines

Causes of Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

  • Ascariasis is caused by consuming food or drink contaminated with roundworm eggs

Lifecycle :

  • Once consumed, the eggs hatch and release immature roundworms called larvae within the intestine
  • The larvae then move through the bloodstream to the lungs
  • The larvae reach throat, where they are coughed and swallowed
  •  Finally they enter the intestine, where they mature into adults and reproduce
  • Eggs are excreted in faces
  • Adult worms can live up to two years, and female worms can produce more than 200,000 eggs daily
  • Ascaris is a “Soil – Transmitted helminth” the eggs remain viable in the soil for months or years under favorable condition

Do’s of Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

  • Affected persons should avoid open defection
  • While handling food maintain personal hygiene

Signs & Symptoms of Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

Mild Ascariasis — with only a few parasites in intestines — may cause no symptoms or there may be vague abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea or bloody stools

As an Anti-Helminth reaction of the body while developing larva in the blood & liver (due to Eosinophilia) following symptoms appear

  • Persistent cough
  • Recurrent lung infections
  • Low-grade fever
  • Skin rash- redness

In heavy infestation signs and symptoms are:

  • Severe abdominal pain due to intestinal obstruction
  • Fatigue and weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • A worm in vomit or stool or a worm emerging from nose or mouth

Risk Factors of Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

  • Populations having accepted behavior of indiscriminate open-air defecation
  • Children who come in contact with soil or mud while playing can contaminate their hand & food with infested fecal material

Medical advice for Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

  • Recurrent allergic skin rash in children
  • Recurrent allergic lung infections in children
  • Gastrointestinal problems that won’t go away, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea or nausea, consult a doctor

Self Care for Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

  • Maintaining food hygiene
  • Washing hands before taking food and after defecation
  • Before handling food, always wash your hands with soap and water, and wash fresh fruits and vegetables thoroughly

Treatment for Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

  •  Medications. Surgery in some cases of intestinal obstruction

Investigations for Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)

  • Blood Tests, Stool Tests.
    Round Worm Infection (Ascariasis)