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Information About Salivary Gland Infections

We Have to Know about the Salivary Gland Infections

  • Salivary Gland infections disorder caused by viral or bacterial infection of the salivary glands

Causes of Salivary Gland Infections

  • There are three pairs of salivary glands. The two largest pair is the parotid glands, one in each cheek over the jaw in front of the ears. Two submandibular glands are at the back of the mouth on both sides of the jaw. Two sublingual glands are under the floor of the mouth
  • All of the salivary glands empty saliva into the mouth through ducts that open at various locations in the mouth
  • Parotitis (parotiditis) is an inflammation of one or both of the parotid salivary glands
  • Viral infections such as mumps often affect the salivary glands
  • Bacterial infections usually result from obstruction (such as salivary duct stones) or poor oral hygiene

Signs & Symptoms of Salivary Gland Infections

  • Swelling of the face (particularly in front of the ears, below the jaw, or on the floor of the mouth)
  • Dry mouth, dry lips
  • Abnormal tastes, foul tastes
  • Mouth or facial pain, especially when eating
  • Decreased ability to open the mouth
  • Fever

Risk Factors of Salivary Gland Infections

  • Problem with the low immune system, smokers

Medical advice for Salivary Gland Infections

  • See a doctor if a salivary gland infection has been diagnosed and symptoms worsen, particularly if fever increases or there is breathing or swallowing difficulty (these may be emergency symptoms)

Self Care for Salivary Gland Infections

  • Good oral hygiene, with thorough tooth brushing and flossing at least twice per day, may help to heal and preventing infection from spreading
  • If you are a smoker, stop smoking as it helps in recovery
  • Warm salt water rinses (1/2 teaspoon of salt in one cup of water) may be soothing and keep the mouth moist
  • Drink lots of water

Treatment for Salivary Gland Infections

  • If there is pus or a fever, antibiotics may be prescribed. Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections

Investigations for Salivary Gland Infections

  • Physical Examination.
 Salivary Gland Infections
Salivary Gland Infections