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Information About SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

We Have to Know about the (SARS) Severe acute respiratory syndrome

  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) — a contagious and sometimes fatal respiratory illness — first appeared in China in November 2002. Within six weeks, SARS had spread worldwide. Eventually, 8,000 people were infected and 800 died of the disease

Causes of (SARS) Severe acute respiratory syndrome

  • SARS is caused by a new strain of coronavirus
  • Spreads through droplets that enter the air when someone with the disease coughs, sneezes or talks
  • SARS spreads mainly through face-to-face contact, but the virus also may be spread on contaminated objects, including door handles, telephones, and elevator (Lift) buttons

Signs & Symptoms of (SARS) Severe acute respiratory syndrome

  • Fever — a temperature of 100.4 F (38.0 C) or higher — that usually occurs two to seven days after you’ve been infected, although it may not appear for up to 10 days
  • Chills, muscle soreness, headache and a general feeling of discomfort, dry cough
  • In some people, SARS may progress to severe pneumonia, leading to an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood (hypoxemia)
  • As a precautionary measure people who have recovered from SARS should avoid going out in public for 10 days after symptoms go away

Do and Don’ts of (SARS) Severe acute respiratory syndrome

  • Researchers are working on several types of vaccines for SARS, but until an effective vaccine is developed, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the CDC have established a number of guidelines aimed at stopping transmission of the disease.

Protecting yourself

If you’re caring for someone at home with SARS, these measures can help you stay healthy:

  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and hot water
  • Wear disposable gloves if you have contact with the patient’s body fluids or feces. Throw the gloves away immediately after use and wash your hands thoroughly
  • Wear a surgical mask when you’re in the same room as a person with SARS. Wearing glasses also may offer some protection
  • Use soap and hot water to wash the utensils, towels, bedding, and clothing of someone with SARS. Don’t use these items yourself until they’re clean
  • Use a household disinfectant to clean any surfaces that may have been contaminated with sweat, saliva, mucus, vomit, stool or urine. Wear disposable gloves while you clean and throw the gloves away when you’re done
  • Follow all precautions for at least 10 days after the person’s signs and symptoms have disappeared

Protecting others

If you’ve been diagnosed with SARS, the following measures can help prevent the infection from spreading:

  • Wash your hands carefully and frequently with soap and hot water
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief when you cough or sneeze, and if possible, wear a surgical mask when you’re in close contact with other people
  • Don’t share your utensils, towels or bedding with anyone in your home until these items have been thoroughly washed with soap and hot water
  • Avoid going to school, work or other public places for 10 days after your signs and symptoms disappear

Risk factors of (SARS) Severe acute respiratory syndrome

  • Direct, close contact with someone who’s infected

Treatment for (SARS) Severe acute respiratory syndrome

  • Scientists have yet to find an effective treatment for SARS

Investigations for (SARS) Severe acute respiratory syndrome

  • DNA test
  • Blood test
  • Virus test (viral culture).
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome