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Information About Sexually Transmitted Diseases

We Have to Know about the Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are spread from person to person through sexual contact, including oral sex and  anal sex
  • These diseases can be passed through any contact between the genitals of one person and the genitals, anus, mouth or eyes of another person

Causes of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • STDs include Gonorrhea, HIV, Syphilis, Chlamydia, Genital Warts

Do’s and Don’ts of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

You can help to prevent STDs by:

  • Not having sex
  • Having sex only with one uninfected person
  • Consistently using male latex condoms during sexual activity
  • Use condoms

Signs & Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Painful or painless ulcers on the skin of the genitalia of both sexes and in the vagina in women
  • Fever
  • Swollen glands
  • Abdominal pain
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Burning discomfort during urination
  • Pain during sexual intercourse

Medical advice for Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Call the doctor immediately if you find a sore in your genital area or if you notice an abnormal discharge from your urethra or vagina

Risk factors of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Sexual promiscuity

Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Depending on the infection medications for symptomatic relief are available
  • It is essential to treat the sexual partners of the patients to control transmission

Self-care for Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • If you develop genital ulcers, you can take medications to decrease your risk of developing repeat episodes.
  • The practice of safe sex

What To Do If You Are Diagnosed With A Sexually Transmitted Disease

  • It can be very upsetting to find out that you have a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Keep in mind, however, that you got the infection from someone you know, and you can pass it on to others if you don’t get proper treatment.
  • Notify all of your sexual partners immediately, so they can get treated.
  • Get tested for HIV and all other STDs. If you have one STD you may have others.
  • Follow your doctor’s treatment advice, taking the full course of antibiotics. If your doctor advises it, get follow-up testing.
  • Avoid all sexual activity while you are undergoing treatment. Wait seven days after you are treated for an STD before resuming sexual activity. If you have an incurable STD (genital warts, genital ulcers or HIV) talk to your doctor about how to avoid infecting your partner(s)

Investigations for Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Physical Examination
  • Pelvic Examination
  • Blood Test
  • Urine Examination
  • VDRL Testing
  • HIV Testing.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
STDs include Gonorrhea, HIV, Syphilis, Chlamydia, Genital Warts