Information about Stomach Cancer
We Have to Know about the Stomach Cancer
- Stomach cancer is more readily treated when caught early. Unfortunately, by the time stomach cancer causes symptoms, it’s often at an advanced stage and may have spread beyond the stomach.
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions
- See your doctor right away if you develop black, tarry stools or if you vomit after meals
Causes of Stomach Cancer
- Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria: it’s likely they spread from person to person through the oral-fecal route or are ingested in contaminated drinking water. H. pylori infection frequently occurs in childhood. Can last throughout life if not treated. This infection increases the risks of stomach cancer because the long-term infection causes inflammation that can lead to precancerous changes in the stomach lining.
- Diet high in salted, smoked and pickled foods
- Tobacco and alcohol use. Tobacco use can irritate the stomach lining, which may help explain why smokers have twice the rate of stomach cancer that nonsmokers do.
Do’s and Don’ts – Stomach Cancer
- Emphasize fruits and vegetables – consuming plenty of fruits and vegetables, especially those that are red or deep yellow, such as tomatoes, carrots, and sweet potatoes help protect against stomach cancer.
- Don’t smoke.
- Limit alcohol consumption.
- Limit red meat: choose fish or poultry.
Signs & Symptoms of Stomach Cancer
- Microscopic internal bleeding, which is usually only detected by tests that check your stool for blood. You may also feel tired if this bleeding causes the loss of too many healthy red blood cells (anemia).
Early stomach cancer may also cause symptoms such as heartburn and abdominal pain
- Discomfort in the upper or middle region of your abdomen that may not be relieved by food or antacids (In the early stages of stomach cancer, pain is often relieved by food or acid-buffering medications.)
- Abdominal discomfort aggravated by eating
- Black, tarry stools
- Vomiting blood
- Vomiting after meals
- Weakness and fatigue
- Unintended weight loss
- The full feeling after meals, even when eating less than normal
Having one or more of these signs and symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have stomach cancer. Other more common conditions, especially peptic ulcers, can cause similar problems.
Medical advice for Stomach Cancer
- See a doctor if you have a persistent feeling of discomfort in the upper or middle region of your abdomen, especially if it occurs in conjunction with fatigue and weight loss.
- See a doctor right away if you develop black, tarry stools or if you vomit after meals or your appetite is reduced
Risk factors of Stomach Cancer
- pylori infection
- Men have doubled the rate of stomach cancer that women do.
- Most people who develop stomach cancer are older than 50 years.
- Tobacco: Smokers have twice the incidence of stomach cancers than nonsmokers do.
- Previous stomach surgery
- Stomach polyps: These are small growths in the lining of your stomach.
- Diet: A diet high in foods preserved by smoking, salting or pickling
Treatment for Stomach Cancer
Self-care for Stomach Cancer
Although coping with the effects of gastrectomy (surgery for stomach cancer where the stomach is removed either entirely or partially) can be challenging, the following measures may help improve or relieve your symptoms:
- Eat small, frequent meals
- Avoid drinking with meals: try to drink 30 minutes before or 60 minutes after you eat.
- Eat slowly and chew thoroughly
- Avoid extremely hot or cold foods or liquids
- Rest after meals.
- Avoid sugar.
- Use dairy products cautiously.
Investigations for Stomach Cancer
- Upper endoscopy
- Stomach X-ray and Chest X-ray
- Endoscopic ultrasound
- Computerized tomography (CT) scan and MRI