Information about Throat Cancer
We Have to Know about the Throat Cancer
- Most throat cancer begins on the vocal cords, and later spreads to the voice box (larynx), to the back portion of the throat that includes part of the tongue and the tonsils (this area is collectively called the pharynx)
Causes of Throat Cancer
- Throat cancer occurs when cells in the throat develop genetic mutations. These mutations cause cells to grow uncontrollably and continue living after healthy cells would normally die. The accumulating cells can form a tumor in the throat.
Do’s and Don’ts of Throat Cancer
- If you have a habit of smoking, stop smoking and using smokeless tobacco products.
- Use alcohol only in moderation. For men, moderate drinking means no more than two drinks a day.
- Choose a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables. The vitamins and antioxidants in fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of throat cancer.
- Use caution around chemicals. When working with chemicals, whether on the job or around the house, carefully follow the directions. Avoid breathing hazardous chemical fumes. Properly ventilate the room where you are working and wear a mask over nose and mouth.
Signs & Symptoms of Throat Cancer
- Change in the sound of the voice, especially persistent hoarseness.
- Painful or difficult swallowing
- A persistent sore throat
- A sense of a “lump in the throat”
- Swelling or pain in the neck
- Enlarged glands (lymph nodes) in the neck
- A persistent cough
- Wheezing or raspy breathing
- Unexplained weight loss
- Coughing up blood
- Ear pain
Risk Factors of Throat Cancer
- Excessive alcohol use
- Poor dental hygiene
- A sexually transmitted virus called human papillomavirus (HPV)
- A diet lacking in fruits and vegetables
- Exposure to asbestos, a naturally occurring fiber that’s used in certain manufacturing industries
Medical advice for Throat Cancer
- See a doctor if any of the symptoms of throat cancer, such as hoarseness, continue for more than two weeks.
Self Care for Throat Cancer
- Quit Smoking if you smoke, because smoking reduces the effectiveness of the treatment and healing after the surgery, and also smoking increases the risk of getting another cancer in the future
- Stop Drinking Alcohol, as alcohol particularly when combined with smoking or chewing tobacco, greatly increases the risk of throat cancer. If you drink alcohol, stop now.
Treatment for Throat Cancer
- Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, Surgery
Investigations for Throat Cancer
- CT Scan