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Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion

Information about Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion

We Have to Know about the Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion

  • Tooth abrasion and tooth erosion refer to a loss of part of the tooth’s outer covering, the enamel, and sometimes deeper parts of the tooth.

Causes of Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion

Tooth abrasion:

  • Mechanical or frictional force like brushing or bruxism (habit of teeth grinding and clenching). Brushing too hard is a common cause of the tooth surface wearing away. It also can be caused by devices, such as toothpicks, or removable partial dentures.

Tooth erosion:

  • Generally occurs as a result of chemicals, such as citrus fruits or other acidic foods.
  • Gastrointestinal problems, such as acid reflux, in which stomach acids come up into the esophagus and mouth.
  • Excessive vomiting that occurs with the eating disorder bulimia
  • Chlorine and other chemicals in a swimming pool

Do’s and Don’ts of Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion

To help prevent tooth abrasion and erosion:

  • Avoid too many acidic foods or drinks like soft drinks.
  • Do not press too hard when brushing your teeth.
  • Use dental floss and toothpicks properly.

Signs & Symptoms of Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion

  • Toothbrush abrasion results in V-shaped notches in the lower third part of the tooth, near the gum line. In toothpick abrasion, these notches may occur between the teeth.
  • Tooth erosion causes a scooped out, yet smooth, depression on the surface of the tooth.
  • Increased sensitivity to hot and cold substances, or significant sensitivity if the enamel is worn away and the dentin (which lies underneath the enamel) is exposed. Dentin protects the innermost part of the tooth (the pulp), which contains nerves and blood vessels.
  • Abrasion and erosion also can affect the appearance of teeth.

Risk Factors of Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion                  

Medical advice for Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion

  • V-shaped notches or depressions in teeth.
  • Increased sensitivity.

Self Care for Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion

  • This condition needs early identification and treatment, if the process is allowed to continue, the destruction can reach the center of the tooth, the pulp. The longer the actions causing the damage continue, the more work will be needed to correct the problem

Treatment for Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion

Treatment depends on the severity of the damage.

  • Fluoride Treatment.
  • Replacement of the worn away material with tooth-colored material.

Investigations for Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion

  • Teeth examination by a dentist
Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion
               Tooth Abrasion and Tooth Erosion