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Urinary Incontinence

Information about Urinary Incontinence

We Have to Know about the Urinary Incontinence

  • Involuntary loss of urine
  • Types of Urinary incontinence
    1. Stress urinary incontinence – Occurs while coughing or sneezing
    2. Urge incontinence- great desire to urinate that cannot be suppressed.
  • Overflow incontinence- chronic retention of urine due to bladder outlet obstruction or bladder muscle dysfunction
  • Total incontinence -continuous leakage of all the urine

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions     

Causes of Urinary Incontinence

  • Stress urinary incontinence in females -childbirth injury, trauma, radiation, previous surgery to the urethra or bladder neck, atrophy of the genital tissues related to the menopause
  • Stress urinary incontinence in males- pelvic fracture, radiation, trauma
  • Urge incontinence- old age, radiation, bladder stones, bladder tumors TB of the bladder
  • Overflow incontinence- prostate carcinoma, diabetes mellitus, pelvic surgery, low spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, and stroke.

Do’s and Don’ts of Urinary Incontinence      

Signs & Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence

  • Stress urinary incontinence – activities like coughing, sneezing, lifting of heavy objects or getting up from a chair causes leakage.
  • Urge incontinence – patient leaks before getting to a toilet
  • Overflow incontinence – a persistent low-level leakage, which is often worse at night. Complaint of the poor stream, straining while passing urine and a feeling of incomplete emptying.

Medical advice for Urinary Incontinence

  • If the symptoms persist for more than 1 week
  • If there is burning or painful urination

Risk factors of Urinary Incontinence

  • As you get older, the muscles in your bladder and urethra lose some of their strength
  • Women are twice as likely as men
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking

Treatment for Urinary Incontinence

  • Treatment of the cause
  • Some cases may require surgery

Self-care for Urinary Incontinence             

Investigations for Urinary Incontinence

  • Urological examination
  • Urological investigations