Information about the Vaccines
We Have to Know about the Vaccines
- Immunization exposes you to a very small, very safe amount of the most important diseases you are likely to encounter at some point in your life. This mild exposure helps your immune system recognize and attack the disease efficiently
Types of vaccines
- Attenuated (weakened) live virus is used in the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine and varicella (chickenpox) vaccine. These vaccines last longer than other vaccines but may cause serious infections in people with compromised immune systems.
- Killed (inactivated) viruses or bacteria used in some vaccines. For example, the influenza vaccine uses a killed virus. These vaccines are safe, even in people with compromised immune systems.
- Toxoid vaccines contain a toxin produced by the bacterium or virus. For example, diphtheria and tetanus vaccines are actually toxoids.
Tips for parents
- Tell older children that the injection is needed to keep them safe and healthy. Knowing what to expect ahead of time may reassure the child.
- Explain to the child that it is OK to cry, but suggest that the child try to be brave. Explain that you do not like injections either, but you try to be brave, too. Praise the child after the injection is over, whether or not he or she cries.
- Distract the child at the moment of the injection. For example, point out a picture on the wall, have them count or say their “ABCs”, or tell them something funny.
- Try to be calm. The child will notice if you cringe before the shot