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Information about Vasculitis

We Have to Know about the Vasculitis

  • Vasculitis is AN inflammation of your blood vessels, that embrace your veins, arteries, and capillaries
  • Inflammation is often short (acute) or semi-permanent (chronic) and may be therefore severe that the tissues and organs provided by the affected vessels don’t get enough blood. The shortage of blood may result in organ and tissue harm, even death.

Causes of Vasculitis

  • For some forms of vasculitis, the cause is unknown (primary vasculitides). In other forms, infections may be the cause (secondary vasculitides)
  • Vasculitis may occur because of the results of some diseases of the system, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and Sjogren’s syndrome.
  • Sometimes an allergic reaction to a medication, such as an antibiotic or diuretic, can also cause vasculitis.

Signs & Symptoms of Vasculitis

  • Behcet’s syndrome- inflammation of arteries and veins causes mouth and genital ulcers, eye inflammation and acne-like lesions on your skin.
  • Buerger’s disease- inflammation and clots in the blood vessels in arms and legs, causes pain in hands, arms, feet and legs, and ulcers on your fingers and toes. This disorder is strongly associated with cigarette smoking.
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome – affects the blood vessels in the lungs.
  • Cryoglobulinemia – hemorrhagic rash on your lower extremities, arthritis, weakness and nerve damage.
  • Giant cell arteritis – inflammation of the arteries in your neck, upper body, arms, and head. It can cause headaches, scalp tenderness, jaw pain, blurred or double vision, and even blindness.
  • Henoch-Schonlein purpura – caused by inflammation of the blood vessels of your skin, joints, bowel, and kidneys. It causes abdominal pain, blood in the urine or stool, joint pain, and a hemorrhagic rash on your buttocks, legs, and feet.
  • Hypersensitivity vasculitis – involves small blood vessels of the skin. It can be triggered by an allergy, most often to a medication or an infection.
  • Kawasaki disease – most often affects children younger than 5 years of age. It can result in fever, skin rash and eye inflammation.
  • Microscopic polyangiitis – affects small-sized blood vessels in the kidneys, lungs, and skin. Causes purpura, inflammation of the small blood vessels in the kidneys and pulmonary hemorrhage.
  • Polyarteritis nodosa – affects small to medium-sized blood vessels in the skin, heart, kidneys, peripheral nerves, muscles, and intestines. Causes purpura, skin ulcers, muscle and joint pain, abdominal pain, and high blood pressure.
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica – affects older adults and results in pain and inflammation of the large joints, such as your shoulders, hips, and knees. It causes pain and stiffness in the muscles.

Medical advice for Vasculitis

  • See your doctor if you think that that you just have inflammation.
    Some varieties of inflammation are often severe moving crucial organs and may result in death if you don’t receive treatment.

Treatment for Vasculitis

  • Medicines

Self-care for Vasculitis

  • Exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet.

Investigations for Vasculitis

  • Urine Test
  • Biopsy
  • Blood Test
Causes of Vasculitis