Information about Vasculitis
We Have to Know about the Vasculitis
- Vasculitis is an inflammation of your blood vessels, which include your veins, arteries, and capillaries
- Inflammation can be short-term (acute) or long-term (chronic) and can be so severe that the tissues and organs supplied by the affected vessels don’t get enough blood. The shortage of blood can result in organ and tissue damage, even death.
Causes of Vasculitis
- For some forms of vasculitis, the cause is unknown (primary vasculitides). In other forms, infections may be the cause (secondary vasculitides)
- Vasculitis can also occur as the result of some diseases of the immune system, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and Sjogren’s syndrome.
- Sometimes an allergic reaction to a medication, such as an antibiotic or diuretic, can also cause vasculitis.
Signs & Symptoms of Vasculitis
- Behcet’s syndrome- inflammation of arteries and veins causes mouth and genital ulcers, eye inflammation and acne-like lesions on your skin.
- Buerger’s disease- inflammation and clots in the blood vessels in arms and legs, causes pain in hands, arms, feet and legs, and ulcers on your fingers and toes. This disorder is strongly associated with cigarette smoking.
- Churg-Strauss syndrome – affects the blood vessels in the lungs.
- Cryoglobulinemia – hemorrhagic rash on your lower extremities, arthritis, weakness and nerve damage.
- Giant cell arteritis – inflammation of the arteries in your neck, upper body, arms, and head. Can cause headaches, scalp tenderness, jaw pain, blurred or double vision, and even blindness.
- Henoch-Schonlein purpura – caused by inflammation of the blood vessels of your skin, joints, bowel, and kidneys. Causes abdominal pain, blood in the urine or stool, joint pain, and a hemorrhagic rash on your buttocks, legs, and feet.
- Hypersensitivity vasculitis – involves small blood vessels of the skin. It can be triggered by an allergy, most often to a medication or an infection.
- Kawasaki disease – most often affects children younger than 5 years of age. Can result in fever, skin rash and eye inflammation.
- Microscopic polyangiitis – affects small-sized blood vessels in the kidneys, lungs, and skin. Causes purpura, inflammation of the small blood vessels in the kidneys and pulmonary hemorrhage.
- Polyarteritis nodosa – affects small to medium-sized blood vessels in skin, heart, kidneys, peripheral nerves, muscles, and intestines. Causes purpura, skin ulcers, muscle and joint pain, abdominal pain, and high blood pressure.
- Polymyalgia rheumatica – affects older adults and results in pain and inflammation of the large joints, such as your shoulders, hips, and knees. Causes pain and stiffness in the muscles.
Medical advice for Vasculitis
- See your doctor if you think that you have vasculitis. Some forms of vasculitis can be severe affecting critical organs and can lead to death if you don’t receive treatment.
Treatment for Vasculitis
Self-care for Vasculitis
- Exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet.
Investigations for Vasculitis
- Urine Test
- Blood Test