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Information About Vitamin – B12 (Cyanocobalamine)

We Have to Know about the Vitamin – B12 (Cyanocobalamine)

  • Vitamin B12 is complex organo-metallic compound with a cobalt atom. The preparation which is therapeutically used is Cyanocobalamine

Source

  • Good sources are
  • Liver, Kidney, Meat, Fish, Eggs, Milk and Cheese.
  • Vitamin B]2 is not found in foods of vegetable origin.
  • It is synthesized by bacteria in colon
  • In big Intestines (Colon) many non harmful bacteria will normally live and they are useful to human for providing useful nutrients.
  • These micro organisms are called symbiotic organisms, unnecessary we should not take antibiotics for long periods

Function

  • Vitamin B12 cooperates with Folic acid in the synthesis of DNA (It is required for cell division and cell normal function),
  • Vitamin B12 has a separate biochemical role, unrelated to Folate, in synthesis of fatty acids in myelin (nerve cell layer acts as a insulator)

Deficiency

  • Results in
  • Megaloblastic anemia (pernicious anemia)
  • Demyelization of neurological lesions in the spinal cord

Note :

  • For its absorption, a factor from the stomach is required. Then it is absorbed only at a special site in the terminal ileum.
  • Hence people suffering from any chronic disease of ileum will suffer from Vitamin – B12 deficiency.
Vitamin B 12(Cyanocobalamine) Causes
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamine) Symptoms